Oracle Backup Scripts

Company Profile
URimagination is privately held Technology Company headquartered in New York City that provides web and mobile development services, eCommerce solutions, and web hosting infrastructure services to businesses.
We take the time to learn your business and understand how technology can support your growth. We will design and deploy software solutions, setup your infrastructure and deliver simple to use applications that fit your business needs and your budget. Also, URImagination provides custom scripts for Oracle and Windows technologies.

This article presents some basic techniques for creating Windows batch files and UNIX/Linux shell scripts that connect to SQL*Plus and RMAN.

  • Windows
  • Unix and Linux (Method 1)
  • Unix and Linux (Method 2)
  • Unix and Linux (Returning values from SQL)

Windows

To run an SQL script using SQL*Plus, place the SQL along with any SQL*Plus commands in a file and save it on your operating system. For example, save the following script in a file called “C:emp.sql”.

CONNECT scott/tiger
SPOOL C:emp.lst
SET LINESIZE 100
SET PAGESIZE 50
SELECT *
FROM emp;
SPOOL OFF
EXIT;

Next, create a batch file called “C:get_emp.bat” containing the following command.

sqlplus /nolog @C:emp.sql

The resulting batch file can be run manually, by double-clicking on it, or scheduled using the Scheduled Tasks Wizard (Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools > Scheduled Tasks) or the AT scheduler.

The method is very similar when using Recovery Manager (RMAN). As an example, place the following RMAN commands in a file called “C:cmdfile.txt”.

RUN {
  ALLOCATE CHANNEL ch1 TYPE 
    DISK FORMAT 'C:oraclebackupDB10G%d_DB_%u_%s_%p'; 
  BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;
  RELEASE CHANNEL ch1;
}
EXIT;

Next create a batch file called “C:backup.bat” containing the following command.

rman target=/ @cmdfile.txt

This command can include a catalog= entry if a recovery catalog is used. Once again, resulting batch file can be run manually or scheduled.

UNIX and Linux (Method 1)

The previous methods works equally well in UNIX and Linux environments. For example, save the following script in a file called “/u01/emp.sql”.

CONNECT scott/tiger
SPOOL /u01/emp.lst
SET LINESIZE 100
SET PAGESIZE 50
SELECT *
FROM emp;
SPOOL OFF
EXIT;

Next, create a shell script called “/u01/get_emp.ksh” containing the following lines.

#!/bin/ksh
sqlplus /nolog @/u01/emp.sql

The following command makes the file executable for the file owner.

chmod u+x /u01/get_emp.ksh

The resulting shell script can be run manually from the command line, or scheduled using CRON.

For RMAN, place the following RMAN commands in a file called “/u01/cmdfile.txt”.

RUN {
  ALLOCATE CHANNEL ch1 TYPE 
    DISK FORMAT '/u01/backup/DB10G/%d_DB_%u_%s_%p'; 
  BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;
  RELEASE CHANNEL ch1;
}
EXIT;

Next create a batch file called “/u01/backup.ksh” containing the following lines.

#!/bin/ksh
rman target=/ @/u01/cmdfile.txt

This command can include a catalog= entry if a recovery catalog is used. Once again, resulting shell script must be made executable using the following command.

chmod u+x /u01/backup.ksh

The shell script is now ready to run.

UNIX and Linux (Method 2)

UNIX and Linux environments also allow the SQL*Plus and RMAN commands to be piped directly from the command line. For example, save the following commands in a file called “/u01/get_emp.ksh”.

#!/bin/ksh
sqlplus /nolog << EOF
CONNECT scott/tiger
SPOOL /u01/emp.lst
SET LINESIZE 100
SET PAGESIZE 50
SELECT *
FROM emp;
SPOOL OFF
EXIT;
EOF

Notice the “<< EOF" and "EOF" tags, indicating the start and end of the command being piped into the SQL*Plus executable. The shell script is made executable using the following command.

chmod u+x /u01/get_emp.ksh

The shell script is ready to be run manually from the command line or scheduled using CRON.

The following example shows how RMAN can use the same method. Create a file called “/u01/backup.ksh” with the following contents.

#!/bin/ksh
rman target=/ << EOF
RUN {
  ALLOCATE CHANNEL ch1 TYPE 
    DISK FORMAT '/u01/backup/DB10G/%d_DB_%u_%s_%p'; 
  BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;
  RELEASE CHANNEL ch1;
}
EXIT;
EOF

Once again, the script can be made executable using the following command.

chmod u+x /u01/backup.ksh

The shell script is now ready to run.

UNIX and Linux (Returning values from SQL)

The following code show a script to pull the output of a query into a shell script variable.

#!/bin/bash
RETVAL=`sqlplus -silent scott/tiger <<EOF
SET PAGESIZE 0 FEEDBACK OFF VERIFY OFF HEADING OFF ECHO OFF
SELECT * FROM emp;
EXIT;
EOF`
if [ -z "$RETVAL" ]; then
  echo "No rows returned from database"
  exit 0
else
  echo $RETVAL
fi

If you are returning a single value, this method works well. If you are returning multiple rows of multiple columns it gets a bit messy and forces you to parse the return value.

For more information and custom Backup scripts please contact us at info@urimagination.de or use the form below:

Your Name (required):

Your E-mail (required):

captcha

Attachments:

Your Message: